Hypoglycemia is not a disease but a condition which is brought about by underlying co morbidity called Diabetes Mellitus. It is a result of several situations like: an overdose of insulin, or oral hypoglycaemic agents, delay in eating or taking less food than usual, alcohol intake, nutritional imbalance, or overexertion from vigorous exercise activity or work. It can be said to be hypoglycemia if the blood glucose level is below 60mg/dl.
The client may experience the following manifestations
- Increased hunger
- Dizziness or light-headedness
- Weakness, some apprehension
- Difficulty concentrating, changes in behavior like irritability
- Diaphoresis, cold clammy skin
- Sleeplessness, confusion
- Rapid, pounding pulse
These manifestations may vary in every individual, so they should take note of it to determine their symptoms. Prolonged and severe low blood glucose level could be life threatening as it could result to coma and in some, paralysis.
Clients who are at risk for hypoglycemia should be educated with the following aspects
-signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia, insulin peak and action
-preventive measures and compliance to regular blood glucose monitoring
-compliance to diet, exercise, and medication regimens
-to carry an identification badge or Medic alert bracelet so that during times of emergency, proper care can be provided immediately