Pathophysiology

squamous-cell-cancer--pathophysiology

Squamous Cell Cancer Pathophysiology and Schematic Diagram

What is Squamous Cell Cancer? The exact etiology of Squamous Cell Cancer is unknown. However medical textbooks point out different risk factors such as exposure...

Concept of Carcinogenesis – The Start Where End Begins

CANCER, medically termed as CA or cellular aberration is one of the major causes of sufferings and death around the globe. It is cause...
Bleeding Esophageal Varices Pathopgysiology

Bleeding Esophageal Varices Pathopysiology & Schematic Diagram

Esophageal varices are dilated veins forming vesicles on the lower portion of the esophagus and stomach. These are highly sensitive to pressure like coughing...
Appendicitis pathophysiology

Appendicitis Pathophysiology & Schematic Diagram

The vermiform appendix is a tiny tubular organ that is close-ended on one end and the other is connected to the cecum. It is...
congestive-heart-failure-pathophysiology schematic diagram

Congestive Heart Failure Pathophysiology and Schematic Diagram

Congestive heart failure (CHF) otherwise known as cardiac failure refers as the inability of the heart to pump sufficient blood to meet needs of...
respiratory-failure

Respiratory Failure Pathophysiology and Schematic Diagram

The respiratory system is responsible for ventilation and gas exchange in order to deliver oxygen into the bloodstream and collection of waste gases such...
Hiatal Hernia Pathophysiology

Hiatal Hernia Pathophysiology & Schematic Diagram

Hiatal hernia is an anatomical defect wherein there is a weakening of the muscle of the diaphragm, causing some parts of the esophagus and/or...
hyperthyroidism-pathophysiology

Hyperthyroidism Pathophysiology and Schematic Diagram

Hyperthyroidism is the second most prevalent endocrine disorder next to diabetes mellitus. According to Tierney, et. al. on 2005, it affects women eight times...
hydrocephalus-pathophysiology

Hydrocephalus Pathophysiology and Schematic Diagram

What is Cerebrospinal Fluid? CSF is a colourless fluid that circulates around the surface of the brain and the spinal cord. CSF serves as a...
physiology-hypokalemia

Hypokalemia Pathophysiology and Schematic Diagram

Potassium Potassium is a major intracellular electrolyte. About 98% of potassium is found inside the cells of the body while the remaining 2% is located...
Pathophysiology Liver Cirhosis

Pathophysiology of Liver Cirrhosis & Schematic Diagram

Liver cirrhosis occurs when the regenerative capacity of the liver is overwhelmed by alcohol consumption, drug or chemical damage, long-term infection brought upon by...
Cholelithiasis (Gallstone) picture

Cholelithiasis (Gallstones) Pathophysiology & Schematic Diagram

Gallstones or Cholelithiasis is the most common disease of the biliary system affecting nearly 20 million people in the United States alone. Gall stones...